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Tax Exemption List in India

Tax exempt

Tax exemptions are crucial in shaping the financial landscape for individuals and businesses in India. These exemptions are incentives provided by the government to encourage certain activities and investments, and to provide relief to taxpayers. In this blog post, we will explore the various tax exemptions available in India, providing detailed descriptions and a tabular format for clarity.

Note: Data provided here is as of June 9th, 2024.


Tax exemptions in India are designed to reduce the taxable income of individuals and entities, thereby decreasing the overall tax liability. These exemptions can be availed under different sections of the Income Tax Act, of 1961. They include exemptions for investments, expenses, allowances, and incomes. Understanding these exemptions can help taxpayers plan their finances better and make informed decisions.

Tax Exemptions for Individuals

SectionDescriptionMaximum Exemption Amount
80CInvestment in specified instruments₹1,50,000
80DHealth insurance premiums₹25,000 (₹50,000 for senior citizens)
80EInterest on education loanNo upper limit
80TTAInterest on savings account₹10,000
10(14)Allowances like HRA, transport allowance, etc.Varies by allowance
Detailed Descriptions

Section 80C: Investment in Specified Instruments

  • The maximum exemption limit is ₹1,50,000 per annum.
  • Investments in instruments such as the Public Provident Fund (PPF), Employee Provident Fund (EPF), National Savings Certificate (NSC), and life insurance premiums qualify for exemption under this section.

Section 80D: Health Insurance Premiums

  • Taxpayers can claim deductions for premiums paid towards health insurance policies.
  • The maximum exemption amount is ₹25,000 for individuals and an additional ₹25,000 for parents’ insurance. For senior citizens, the limit is ₹50,000.

Section 80E: Interest on Education Loan

  • Interest paid on education loans for higher studies can be claimed as an exemption under this section.
  • There is no upper limit on the amount that can be claimed, but the deduction is available for a maximum of 8 years.

Section 80TTA: Interest on Savings Account

  • Interest earned on savings account deposits in banks, post offices, or cooperative societies can be claimed up to a maximum of ₹10,000.

Section 10(14): Allowances

  • Various allowances provided by employers, such as House Rent Allowance (HRA), transport allowance, and children’s education allowance, are exempt under this section.
  • The exemption amount varies based on the type of allowance and individual circumstances.

Tax Exemptions for Businesses

SectionDescriptionMaximum Exemption Amount
10AASpecial Economic Zones (SEZ) profits100% for first 5 years, 50% for next 5 years, and 50% of ploughed back export profit for next 5 years
35(1)(ii)Expenditure on scientific research150% of the amount donated
35ADSpecified business capital expenditure100% of the expenditure
80JJAAEmployment of new workmen30% of additional employee cost for 3 years
Detailed Descriptions

Section 10AA: Special Economic Zones (SEZ) Profits

  • Businesses operating in SEZs enjoy a tax holiday on profits derived from export activities.
  • The exemption is 100% of profits for the first 5 years, 50% for the next 5 years, and 50% of the ploughed back export profit for another 5 years.

Section 35(1)(ii): Expenditure on Scientific Research

  • Businesses contributing to approved scientific research associations or institutions can claim a deduction of 150% of the amount donated.

Section 35AD: Specified Business Capital Expenditure

  • Expenditure incurred on specified businesses such as setting up cold chain facilities, warehousing facilities for agricultural produce, and hotels is fully deductible under this section.

Section 80JJAA: Employment of New Workmen

  • Businesses that employ additional workmen can claim a deduction of 30% of the additional employee cost for three years, provided the employment criteria are met.

Tax Exemptions for Non-Residents

SectionDescriptionMaximum Exemption Amount
10(4)Interest on NRE (Non-Resident External) accountsFully exempt
10(15)(iv)(fa)Interest on FCNR (Foreign Currency Non-Resident) depositsFully exempt
115HIncome of Non-Resident Indians (NRIs)Concessional rates applied
Detailed Descriptions

Section 10(4): Interest on NRE Accounts

  • Interest earned on Non-Resident External (NRE) accounts is fully exempt from tax.
  • This provides significant benefits to NRIs, allowing them to save on their tax liability in India.

Section 10(15)(iv)(fa): Interest on FCNR Deposits

  • Interest earned on Foreign Currency Non-Resident (FCNR) deposits is also fully exempt from tax, providing another avenue for tax-efficient savings for NRIs.

Section 115H: Income of Non-Resident Indians (NRIs)

  • NRIs can avail concessional tax rates on certain incomes.
  • This is beneficial for NRIs who maintain their ties with India and have investments or income sources within the country.



Understanding the various tax exemptions available in India can significantly impact your financial planning and tax liability. Whether you are an individual, a business, or a non-resident, there are numerous opportunities to optimize your tax outgo. Make sure to consult with a tax professional to fully leverage these exemptions and stay updated with any changes in tax laws. Proper planning and knowledge of exemptions can lead to substantial savings and a more efficient financial strategy.

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